Language

Language

Language involves the rules we follow to put words together to communicate. Components of language include semantics, grammar, syntax, and pragmatics. Semantics consists of vocabulary and how concepts are expressed through words. Grammar involves syntax and morphology. Syntax is the rules in which words are arranged into sentences and morphology is the use of grammatical markers (indicating tense, active or passive voice, etc.). Pragmatics involves the rules for appropriate and effective communication. Pragmatics involves using language for greeting and requesting; changing language for talking differently depending on who it is you’re talking to; and following rules such as turn-taking and staying on topic. Having trouble understanding what others say is a receptive language disorder. Having problems sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings is an expressive language disorder. Having difficulty using social language skills to communicate and interact with others is a pragmatic language disorder. It is possible to have only one area of delay or all areas of language can be delayed. 
 
Addtional Resources:
Normal Communication Development broken down by grade K-5
https://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/communicationdevelopment/  

Activities to Encourage Speech and Language Development Birth-6 Years
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